Biological science is the study of living organisms and their relationship with each other and their environment. It examines the origin, evolution, structure, and function of living things. A biologist might study cells under a microscope, insects in a tropical rain forest, viruses that affect human beings, plants in a greenhouse, or animals in a zoo.
It increases our understanding of the natural world in which we live and helps us address issues of personal well-being and worldwide concern, such as environmental depletion, threats to human health, and maintaining viable and abundant food supplies.
Biological scientists who work in applied research or product development use the knowledge gained by basic research to develop new drugs, treatments, medical diagnostic tests, increase crop yields, and develop new biofuels. Work is generally performed in a laboratory or outdoor field setting.
Some of the Biological sciences are grouped by the type of organism being studied: botany, the study of plants; zoology, the study of animals; and microbiology, the study of microorganisms, where some are classified based on the extent at which organisms are being studied and the methods used to study them: biochemistry investigates the fundamental chemistry of life; molecular biology examines the complex interactions of systems of biological molecules; physiology studies the physical and chemical functions of the tissues and organ systems of an organism and cellular biology examines the basic building block of life, the cell.
What do Biologists do?
Plants, livestock, and habitats are studied by researching, naming, classifying, and observing them in order to get a better understanding of how they function and interact with each other and the environment.
Collecting samples, measurements, and photographing or sketching specimens, and gathering other data that could contribute to new insights into organisms or ecosystems.
Observing animals to learn more about their diets, behaviours, and environmental effects.
Keeping detailed, reliable notes of study or findings.
Creating papers, giving lectures to students, and sharing observations, as well as addressing the possible environmental effects of invasive plants, pest management practises, and other activities or incidents.
Leading study teams and maintaining proper task and resource allocation
Writing reports about observations and proposals for funding and projects
Scope of biology in Pakistan
There is a vast and diverse scope in Pakistan for the field of biology. You can step into academic teaching and research in various programs with governmental and Multinational companies as well as in food and feed industries. The key areas of development and employment include the Pharmaceutical industry, Biotechnology, Bio informatics, Contract Research, Food Industry, Water Conservation, Gene Therapy, Global Warming and the Chemical Industry.
How to become a biologist
A four year specialized bachelor degree or formal sixteen years of education may be sufficient for some non-research jobs. Some graduates work as research assistants, laboratory technicians, or high school biology teachers. Many with a bachelor’s degree in biology enter medical, dental, veterinary, or other health profession schools. A Ph.D. degree in biology or one of its specialized areas is necessary for independent research, industrial research, and college/University teaching, as well as for administrative positions. A master’s degree is sufficient for some jobs such as product development, management, or inspection.
Graduates find employment in academic teaching and research, industrial research in the food and feed industries, in laboratory research programs with governmental and Multinational companies, and in industrial management positions.
Government Department of Agriculture
Private Pesticide Companies
Seed Cooperation of Pakistan
Soil Testing Laboratories
Tissue Culture Laboratories
Genetic Engineering Laboratories
Private & Public Consultancies
Most Biological scientists need at least a master’s degree to work in basic or applied research, whereas a bachelor’s degree is sufficient for some jobs in product development.
Analytical/ able to Analyze
Patience and self-discipline to conduct long and detailed research projects.
Those doing field research in remote areas must have physical stamina.
Should be able to work independently or as part of a team and
Be able to communicate clearly and concisely, both orally and in writing.
Strong business and communication skills for administrative positions